Association between Aquaporin 7 Expression and Myocardial Protection with Nicorandil or Del Nido Cardioplegia: An Experimental Study


  • Yasuhiro Kawase Cardiovascular Surgery, Nippon Medical School Chiba Hokusoh Hospital, 270-1694 Inzai, Chiba, Japan
  • Masahiro Fujii Cardiovascular Surgery, Nippon Medical School Chiba Hokusoh Hospital, 270-1694 Inzai, Chiba, Japan
  • Ryuzo Bessho Cardiovascular Surgery, Nippon Medical School Chiba Hokusoh Hospital, 270-1694 Inzai, Chiba, Japan
  • Yosuke Ishii Cardiovascular Surgery, Nippon Medical School, 113-8602 Tokyo, Japan



aquaporin 7, cardioprotection, nicorandil, del Nido cardioplegia, murine heart


Background: Aquaporin 7 (AQP7), a member the aquaglyceroporin subgroup of the AQP family, is a water channel that controls transport of glycerol and water in heart tissues. It facilitates the uptake of glycerol, a substrate for cardiac energy production, in cardiomyocytes. St. Thomas' Hospital cardioplegic solution No. 2 has cardio-protective effect even in AQP7-deficient hearts. Here, we aimed to determine whether nicorandil or del Nido cardioplegia (DNC) solution can protect AQP7-deficient hearts. Methods: The hearts of male AQP7 knockout (KO) and wild-type (WT) C57/B6N mice (age >15 weeks) were aerobically perfused using the Langendorff technique, and cardiac function was measured as left ventricular diastolic pressure (LVDP) throughout the study. Troponin T was measured as an indicator of myocardial damage after reperfusion for 60 min. We compared WT and KO controls subjected to 25 min of global ischemia as well as WT and KO groups infused with nicorandil (100 µM) for 10 min followed by 25 min of global ischemia. We also compared WT-DNC and KO-DNC hearts administered with DNC for 2 min followed by 23 min of global ischemia (Study 2). Results: The final recovery rates of LVDP were 20.8 ± 7.0%, 28.1 ± 7.6%, 40.0 ± 8.4%, and 38.7 ± 4.7% in the WT control, KO control, WT nicorandil, and KO nicorandil groups, respectively. The LVDP recovered faster in the hearts treated with DNC and reached a significantly higher plateau in the KO than in the WT hearts. Troponin T values were 2144 ± 493 and 1313 ± 717 in the WT and KO groups, respectively (p = 0.041). Conclusion: The Langendorff perfusion model revealed similar myocardial protective effects of nicorandil in AQP7-deficient mice as in WT mice. AQP7 deficiency did not impair the cardioprotective effects of DNC solution.


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How to Cite

Kawase , Y. ., Fujii, M., Bessho, R. ., & Ishii, Y. . . . (2024). Association between Aquaporin 7 Expression and Myocardial Protection with Nicorandil or Del Nido Cardioplegia: An Experimental Study. The Heart Surgery Forum, 27(5), E450-E458.