Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting with and without Concomitant Epicardial Cardiac Resynchronization Th erapy in Patients with Ischemic Cardiomyopathy: A Randomized Study
Background: Epicardial implantation of a cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) system during coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) may be an additional treatment method for improving left ventricle (LV) systolic function and dyssynchrony in patients with ischemic heart failure.
Objective: The objective was to compare the long-term results in patients with severe ischemic heart failure who underwent CABG alone or CABG combined with concomitant epicardial implantation of a CRT system.
Methods: One hundred sixty-four consecutive patients with severe ischemic heart failure and LV dyssynchrony were enrolled into 2 groups: CABG alone (n = 80) and epicardial CRT implantation during CABG (CABG + CRT) (n = 84). This prospective, randomized, and single-blind study was designed to compare clinical and echocardiography data after 6, 12, and 18 months of follow-up.
Results: In the CABG group, LV systolic function, dyssynchrony signs, and quality of life did not change postoperatively, compared with preoperative data. In contrast, these parameters significantly improved in the CABG + CRT group. The 2 treatment groups did not differ with respect to postoperative improvement in Canadian Cardiovascular Society class (P = .68). The improvement in the New York Heart Association functional class was much more pronounced in the CABG + CRT group than in the CABG group (P = .029). In the CABG group, 21 patients (26.2%) had died by the 18-month follow-up, compared with 9 patients (10.7%) in the CABG + CRT group (P = .012, log-rank test).
Conclusion: Epicardial implantation of a CRT system concomitantly with CABG facilitates the early postoperative period, improves LV systolic function, improves the quality of life, and decreases LV dyssynchrony. Moreover, mortality in the CABG + CRT group was significantly lower than in the CABG group.
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