Comparison of Rosuvastatin versus Atorvastatin for Preventing Postoperative Atrial Fibrillation
Background: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) following cardiac surgery is associated with an increased risk of stroke, prolonged hospitalization, and increased costs. Statin therapy is associated with a lower incidence of postoperative AF. We aimed to compare the preventive effects of rosuvastatin and atorvastatin on postoperative AF.
Methods: This study included 168 patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to treatment of statin. Group 1 (n = 96) was patients receiving atorvastatin, and group 2 (n = 72) was patients receiving rosuvastatin. Postoperative electrocardiographs (ECGs) and telemetry strips were examined for AF within postoperative period during hospitalization.
Results: The incidences of postoperative AF were 17.9% (n = 17) in group 1 and 22.2% (n = 16) in group 2 (P = .48). Left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD) and ejection fraction (EF) were not different between groups. Incidence of diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, smoking, myocardial infarction in past medical history, family history of atherosclerosis, male sex, drug use, and perioperative features were similar between groups.
Conclusions: The present study revealed that preoperative rosuvastatin or atorvastatin treatment did not have a different effect in preventing postoperative AF.
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