Congenital Mitral Valve Regurgitation in Adult Patients
Objective: Congenital mitral valve regurgitation (MVR) is a rare disease found in adults. We report on our 5-year surgical experience with congenital MVR in adults.
Methods: We reviewed the data for 48 consecutive patients (26 men), aged >18 years (median, 42 years; range, 18-78 years) who underwent operations for severe congenital MVR between June 2005 and May 2010. Patients with atrioventricular septal defect were excluded.
Results: Congenital MVR was preoperatively diagnosed in 28 cases (58%). The lesions consisted of annular dilation (100%), valvular cleft (58%), prolapsed leaflet (40%), papillary muscle abnormality (5%), commissure fusion (2%), and leaflet deficiency (2%). Mitral valve repair was performed in 42 cases (88%) by means of Carpentier techniques. The other 6 patients underwent mitral valve replacement; one of these patients died of ventricular fibrillation 2 days after surgery. There were no other hospital deaths or late mortality. At the last follow-up (median, 38 months; range, 2-50 months), all 47 patients were in New York Heart Association functional class I or II. Echocardiography evaluations for the 42 patients who underwent the repairs revealed that 32 (76%) of the patients had no or trivial MVR and 10 patients (24%) had mild MVR. No patient underwent reoperation.
Conclusion: Congenital MVR is rare and often misdiagnosed in adults. Mitral valve repair is feasible in the majority of patients, with excellent immediate and medium-term results.
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