Surgical Strategy for Biventricular Assist Device Implantation after Previous Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting
In an aging population, numerous patients who underwent previous coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) are presenting with end-stage ischemic cardiomyopathy. Although redo CABG and cardiological interventions are possible treatment options, orthotopic heart transplantation remains an ultimate option for these patients. However, there is high morbidity and mortality on the waiting list, and mechanical circulatory support is a life-saving concept [Hetzer 2006; Taylor 2009].
We developed a simplified and safe technique for implantation of a biventricular assist device as a redo in complex patients after previous CABG and end-stage heart failure.