Rare Variation in Partial Anomalous Venous Drainage in 2 Cases: Diagnosis, Assessment Methods, and Surgical Approach
AbstractWhere pulmonary veins drain and their relationship with an atrial septal defect (ASD) are important. A sinus venosus (high venosum) type of defect is the most common pathology accompanying partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection. Typically, the right superior pulmonary vein and occasionally the middle pulmonary vein drain into the junction of the superior vena cava (SVC) and the right atrium (RA), and a sinus venosus type of ASD usually accompanies these anomalies. In this report, we assess a very rare pathology in which 3 right pulmonary veins (superior, middle, and inferior) drain into the SVC-RA junction with respect to diagnostic methods and in the light of 2 cases involving patients in 2 different age groups.
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