Interleukin 6 G-174C Polymorphism Influences Outcome Following Coronary Revascularization Surgery
Background: Levels of the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin 6 (IL-6) increase after surgery. The functional polymorphism in the IL-6 promoter region, G-174C, is associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease. We investigated the genetic predisposition in IL-6 response to coronary revascularization and studied the association between the G-174C polymorphism, IL-6 levels, and clinical outcomes of surgery.
Methods: DNA was obtained from 96 consecutive patients who underwent elective coronary revascularization. Patients were genotyped for the IL-6 G-174C polymorphism by means of sequence-specific primer-polymerase chain reaction analysis. IL-6 levels were measured with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay on serum samples taken 3 hours postoperatively. IL-6 levels and genotypes (CC, CG, and GG) were correlated with perioperative clinical data.
Results: The prevalences of the CC, CG, and GG IL-6 -174 genotypes were 8%, 54%, and 38%, respectively. Patients homozygous for the C allele had higher circulating levels of IL-6 postoperatively than the patients with the CG and GG genotypes (P = .09). Patients homozygous for the G allele had a significantly lower incidence of postoperative atrial fibrillation (P = .032) and a shorter hospital stay (P = .005). This result remained statistically significant following risk stratification. The severity of coronary artery disease and a higher number of bypass grafts were associated with a significant increase in IL-6 level postoperatively (P = .028, and P = .005, respectively). Higher levels of IL-6 were associated with increased blood loss postoperatively (P = .016)
Conclusions: The C allele is associated with higher postoperative IL-6 levels and a less favorable clinical outcome. The G-174C polymorphism is related to the outcome after coronary revascularization.
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