Frontal Planar QRS/T Angle Can Be a Prognostic Factor in the Early Postoperative Period of Patients Undergoing Coronary Bypass Surgery


  • Kubilay Karabacak
  • Murat Celik
  • Yalcin Gokoglan
  • Murat Kadan
  • Erkan Kaya
  • Suat Doganci
  • Vedat Yildirim
  • Ufuk Demirkilic



Background: Wide QRS/T angle reflects the ventricular repolarization heterogeneity and has been found in association with cardiac morbidity and mortality in various study populations. However, literature data about the availability of QRS/T angle in patients undergoing cardiac surgery has not yet been available.

Methods: A total of 157 patients who underwent isolated coronary artery bypass surgery were included in this study. A preoperative 12-lead ECG was obtained one day before surgical procedure. The absolute difference between the frontal QRS wave axes and T-wave axes was defined as frontal planar QRS/T angle. Afterwards, patients were divided into two groups according to their frontal planar QRS/T angle (the cut-off value as 90°).

Results: Group 1 consisted of 109 patients with frontal planar QRS/T angle of <90, and the remaining 48 patients with frontal planar QRS/T angle 90 were placed into group 2. Mean EuroSCORE was much higher in group 2. There were significant differences for positive inotropic agent usage (27.5% for group 1 versus 58.3% for group 2, P < .001) and the prevalence of postoperative atrial fibrillation (11.9% for group 1 versus 31.2% for group 2, P = .004) between the two groups. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, used to determine the independent predictors of positive inotropic usage in the early postoperative period, only frontal planar QRS/T angle (OR: 0.989, 95% CI: 0.981-0.997, P = .008) and EuroSCORE (OR: 0.792, 95% CI: 0.646-0.971, P = .025) were found to be statistically significant.

Conclusion: We found that frontal planar QRS/T angle might be an important preoperative parameter in predicting the need for inotropic drugs in the early postoperative period following coronary artery bypass surgery.


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How to Cite

Karabacak, K., Celik, M., Gokoglan, Y., Kadan, M., Kaya, E., Doganci, S., Yildirim, V., & Demirkilic, U. (2015). Frontal Planar QRS/T Angle Can Be a Prognostic Factor in the Early Postoperative Period of Patients Undergoing Coronary Bypass Surgery. The Heart Surgery Forum, 17(6), E288-E292.