The Effect of Birth Month on the Risk of Deep Sternal Wound Infections in Patients After Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting and Heart Defect Surgery

Authors

  • Povilas Jakuška Department of Cardiac, Thoracic and Vascular Surgery, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas Clinics, Kaunas, Lithuania
  • Mindaugas Gailiusas Department of Cardiac, Thoracic and Vascular Surgery, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas Clinics, Kaunas, Lithuania
  • Jonė Venclovienė Institute of Cardiology, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania
  • Edmundas Širvinskas Institute of Cardiology, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania
  • Tadas Lenkutis Department of Cardiac, Thoracic and Vascular Surgery, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas Clinics, Kaunas, Lithuania
  • Renata Vimantaitė Lithuanian University of Health Sciences Medical Academy Department of Nursing, Kaunas, Lithuania

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1532/hsf.4645

Keywords:

deep sternal wound infection, heart surgery, coronary artery bypass grafts

Abstract

Background: Cardiovascular diseases remain one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, however its surgical treatment remains risky with possible complications. There is increasing evidence that the month of birth (MOB) has been related to different health problems during life. The aim of this study was to identify the effect of MOB on the risk of deep sternal wound infections (DSWI) in patients after open-heart surgery.

Methods: The follow-up retrospective research was performed at the Department of Thoracic, Cardiac, and Vascular Surgery of the Hospital of Lithuanian University of Health Sciences. We analyzed the MOB of 201 patients, who underwent open-heart surgery between January 2017 and December 2018. The case group consisted of 46 patients, who suffered from DSWI. Multivariate logistic regression for the association between MOB and risk of DSWI was used.

Results: The results showed that the risk of DSWI was by four times higher for patients born in June-September months. The risk of developing DSWI in the case group was even higher for women, patients aged 70 years and younger, those overweight or obese, and patients who underwent only CABG surgery.

Conclusion: Due to the growing evidence that the month of birth affects the onset of diseases, it is important to assess MOB as the potential risk factor for developing DSWI.

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Published

2022-07-18

How to Cite

Jakuška, P., Gailiusas, M., Venclovienė, J., Širvinskas, E., Lenkutis, T., & Vimantaitė, R. (2022). The Effect of Birth Month on the Risk of Deep Sternal Wound Infections in Patients After Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting and Heart Defect Surgery. The Heart Surgery Forum, 25(4), E559-E563. https://doi.org/10.1532/hsf.4645

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