Effective Pulmonary Artery Perfusion Mode during Cardiopulmonary Bypass


  • Renteng Zhang
  • Zengwei Wang
  • Huishan Wang
  • Hengchang Song
  • Nanbin Zhang
  • Minhua Fang




Aim: Reducing lung injury during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is important for patients' recovery. The present study was designed to research convenient and effective pulmonary artery perfusion mode during CPB in an animal model.

Methods: Twelve healthy mongrel dogs were randomly divided into 2 groups: a control group and a perfusion group designed to simulate clinical CPB-induced lung injury. During CPB, pulmonary artery perfusion with modified lowpotassium dextran (LPD) solution was performed immediately after the initiation of ischemia and before reperfusion for 3 to 4 minutes each time, with pressure maintained at 15 to 20 mmHg; animals in the control group were not perfused. After pulmonary reperfusion, the changes in pulmonary function and tissue biochemical data were determined.

Results: Compared with the control group, lung compliance, oxygenation, and vascular resistance after reperfusion were significantly improved in the perfusion group. The malonaldehyde concentration, neutrophil sequestration ratio, and tissue water content also decreased significantly in the perfusion group.

Conclusion: The pulmonary artery perfusion mode used in this experiment could relieve CPB-induced lung injury effectively. Improving cellular tolerance to hypoxia and decreasing inflammatory reaction may be the important mechanisms. Moreover, this mode is convenient and does not interfere with the intended operations, which is promising for clinical use.


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How to Cite

Zhang, R., Wang, Z., Wang, H., Song, H., Zhang, N., & Fang, M. (2011). Effective Pulmonary Artery Perfusion Mode during Cardiopulmonary Bypass. The Heart Surgery Forum, 14(1), E18-E21. https://doi.org/10.1532/HSF98.20101031




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