The Mid-Term Outcomes of Cone Repair or Replacement of Tricuspid Valve in Patients with Ebstein's Anomaly: Our Experience
Keywords:Ebstein's Anomaly, Cone Repair, Tricuspid Valve Repair / Replacement
Background: Cone repair of the tricuspid valve (TV) is a contemporary reproducible technique for surgical reconstruction of Ebstein's anomaly. Different authorities have shown that this technique restores excellent tricuspid valve function. In Bangladesh, this technique still is unfamiliar to many. We hereby present a case series of cone repair and TV replacement with the mid-term outcome (one year to six years) at the National Heart Foundation Hospital & Research Institute, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Methods: We prospectively studied 21 patients, who underwent surgical intervention (cone repair or tricuspid valve replacement) for Ebstein's anomaly of TV from March 2014 to June 2020. We divided the total patient population into the cone repair and TV replacement groups. Preoperative, postoperative, and follow-up data were collected from the hospital records, telephone conversations, and clinic visits. All collected data statistically were analyzed.
Results: Our patients showed there were statistically significant improvements after surgical intervention with regard to tricuspid regurgitation (TR) (P < 0.001), tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) (P < 0.001), right ventricular (RV) function (P < 0.001), and New York Heart Association (NYHA) class (P < 0.001). These developments were sustained throughout the follow-up period.
Conclusion: Cone repair should be offered to the symptomatic patients of Ebstein's anomaly because symptoms relief, reduction of morbidity, and survival benefits are excellent. Above all, the cone reconstruction shows fantastic results and may well become the surgical technique for patients with Ebstein’s anomaly. We hope that new valve repair programs may provide extended longevity and restored quality of life to the patient of Ebstein's anomaly (EA) with the appropriate measures. In case of failed repair, valve replacement is an encouraging option.
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