Reinforced Aortic Root Reconstruction in Type A Aortic Dissection: A Prospective Study

Reinforced Aortic Root reconstruction in type A aortic dissection

Authors

  • Ahmed Elsharkawy, MD Department of Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt
  • Ashraf A. El Midany, MD Department of Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
  • Ahmed Elwakeel, MD Department of Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt
  • Eman Mahmoud, MD Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Fayoum University, Fayoum, Egypt
  • Ahmed K. Mohammed, MD Department of Anesthesia, Surgical Intensive Care and Pain management, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt
  • Sherif Nasr, MD Department of Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Fayoum University, Fayoum, Egypt

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1532/hsf.4117

Keywords:

type A, aortic Dissection, root reconstruction, commissural suspension

Abstract

Background: Type A aortic dissection is a challenging surgical emergency associated with high morbidity and mortality. Many techniques have evolved to repair the dissected sinus segments and restore aortic valve dynamics. Herein, we evaluate the early outcome of a novel technique for reconstruction of dissected aortic root.

Methods: A prospective study was conducted on 300 patients to evaluate the early results of repair of dissected root in type A aortic dissection. The mean age was 59.65±8.52 years, and 76% of patients were males. All patients had four standard steps for aortic reconstruction: 1) commissural resuspension; 2) right coronary sinus reinforcement with pericardial and Dacron bands; 3) non-coronary sinus reinforcement using external Dacron patch; 4) circumferential inversion of adventitial layer of the root. Patients were followed up clinically, echocardiographically, and by CT scan.

Results: The in-hospital mortality was 8%. The mean cross-clamp time was 120±30 minutes, and circulatory arrest time was 25+10 minutes. Twenty-seven patients (9%) experienced postoperative complications, including bleeding and acute kidney injury. During a mean follow-up time of 48±12 months, there were no recurrent aortic dissection, aortic dilatation, pseudoaneurysm, or progression of aortic regurgitation during the entire study period.

Conclusions: This reconstructive technique technically is undemanding, feasible, safe, and durable with good early results. A larger cohort of patients with longer period of follow up should generate a more powerful evaluation of this technique.

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Published

2021-09-28

How to Cite

Elsharkawy, A., El Midany, ashraf, Elwakeel, A., Mahmoud, E. ., Mohammed, A., & Nasr, S. (2021). Reinforced Aortic Root Reconstruction in Type A Aortic Dissection: A Prospective Study: Reinforced Aortic Root reconstruction in type A aortic dissection. The Heart Surgery Forum, 24(5), E828-E832. https://doi.org/10.1532/hsf.4117

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