The Gap in Prescribing Stroke Prevention Therapies in Postoperative Atrial Fibrillation After Isolated Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery

Authors

  • Mohammed Shurrab, MD, MSc Cardiology Department, Health Sciences North, Sudbury, Ontario, Canada
  • Dennis T. Ko, MD, MSc Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  • Rony Atoui, MD, MSc Health Sciences North Research Institute, Sudbury, Ontario, Canada
  • Kari Kostiw, NP Cardiology Department, Health Sciences North, Sudbury, Ontario, Canada
  • Mark Henderson, MD Cardiology Department, Health Sciences North, Sudbury, Ontario, Canada

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1532/hsf.3857

Keywords:

Postoperative atrial fibrillation, coronary artery bypass graft, Oral anticoagulation

Abstract

Background: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) commonly occurs after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Patients with POAF are at higher risk of stroke and mortality. The use of oral anticoagulation (OAC) in POAF remains inconsistent, and the care gap is unknown. Objective: We sought to evaluate rate of adherence and factors associated with OAC use in POAF patients after
isolated CABG.

Methods: In this study, all patients who had an isolated CABG between April 1, 2019 and March 30, 2020, at Health Sciences North, Sudbury retrospectively were evaluated. We identified all patients who developed POAF and captured the use of OAC. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to identify predictors of OAC prescription.

Results: In total, 339 CABG patients between April 1, 2019 and March 30, 2020, were identified; 86 patients developed POAF. No patients had major perioperative bleeding. All POAF patients had an indication for OAC therapies based on CHADS 65 score. However, only 17 (19.8%) patients with POAF had OAC prescription at the time of hospital discharge.  Baseline characteristics were similar between those with or without OAC. In multivariable analysis, the use of dual antiplatelet therapy was associated with a decreased use of OAC therapy in POAF (OR 0.037 (95% CI 0.005, 0.29), P = .002). Moreover, in comparison to surgeon A, surgeon B was associated with a decreased use of OAC therapy, whereas surgeon C was associated with an increased use of OAC therapy in POAF (OR 0.15 (95% CI 0.03, 0.83), P = .03 and OR 6.49 (95% CI 1.21, 34.82), P = .03, respectively). None of the CHADS 65 elements, including age, hypertension, stroke, diabetes mellitus or congestive heart failure, correlated with the use of OAC.

Key findings: Eighty percent of patients who developed POAF after isolated CABG failed to receive stroke prevention therapies. The use of dual antiplatelet therapy and individual surgeons’ preference were associated with the use of OAC therapy among POAF.

Conclusions: This data set suggests that approximately only 1 in 5 patients with POAF after isolated CABG got prescribed OAC.

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Published

2021-06-25

How to Cite

Shurrab, M., Ko, D. T. ., Atoui , R. ., Kostiw, K., & Henderson, M. . (2021). The Gap in Prescribing Stroke Prevention Therapies in Postoperative Atrial Fibrillation After Isolated Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery. The Heart Surgery Forum, 24(3), E580-E586. https://doi.org/10.1532/hsf.3857

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