Sexual Quality of Life in Men <60 Years Old after Coronary Bypass Surgery
Keywords:Coronary heart disease, Coronary artery bypass grafting, Sexual quality of life
Purpose: To explore the effect of undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting on sexual quality of life as an integral part of patients’ health-related quality of life.
Methods: This cross-sectional study included 265 men ages 18 to 60 years (median age, 55) who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting 1 to 5 years before the study. Standardized questionnaires were implemented to evaluate participant pre- and postoperative sexual quality of life and the quality of counseling provided to patients.
Results: Among the patients, 77% were in a steady relationship. The general health score was 5.5 ± 2.8 (mean ± standard deviation) preoperatively and 6 ± 2.2 at follow-up (P = .01). No sexual counseling was given to 83% and 77% of the patients pre- and postoperatively, respectively. The mean sexual satisfaction score dropped from 6.5 ± 2.6 preoperatively to 4.7 ± 3 postoperatively (P < .001). The decline in sexual intercourse frequency and masturbation frequency was significant (P < .001 and P = .006, respectively). Linear regression analysis showed that general health status (P = .008), higher-quality counseling (P = .027), and preoperative sexual quality of life (P < .001) correlated positively with sexual quality of life, whereas sternal pain (P < .001), erectile dysfunction
(P < .001), and fear of excessive cardiac burden (P < .001) correlated negatively.
Conclusions: Middle-aged men experience decreased sexual quality of life after coronary artery bypass grafting. Preoperative sexual quality of life, general health, and higher-quality counseling positively affect postoperative sexual quality of life, whereas sternal pain, fear, and erectile dysfunction play a negative role. Pre- and postoperative care guidelines should be improved. Further prospective large cohort studies for males and females are required.
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