Concomitant Tricuspid Annuloplasty in Patients Undergoing Totally Endoscopic Mitral Valve Surgery: A Propensity-Score Matched Analysis

Authors

  • Ling-chen Huang Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Union Hospital, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, China
  • Dao-zhong Chen Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Union Hospital, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, China
  • Liang-wan Chen Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Union Hospital, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, China
  • Xiao-fu Dai Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Union Hospital, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, China

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1532/hsf.3675

Keywords:

Totally endoscopic, Tricuspid annuloplasty, Tricuspid regurgitation, Minimally invasive, Mitral valve surgery

Abstract

Background: We aimed to evaluate the clinical outcomes of concomitant tricuspid annuloplasty (TAP) in patients undergoing totally endoscopic mitral valve surgery.

Methods: It is a single-center, retrospective study that enrolled a total of 173 patients who underwent mitral valve surgery combined with tricuspid annuloplasty between
January 2019 and June 2020 in our institution. Patients who underwent totally endoscopic mitral valve surgery with concomitant tricuspid annuloplasty were categorized into the MIMVS-TAP group (N = 51), and patients who underwent mitral valve surgery with concomitant tricuspid annuloplasty through a median sternotomy were categorized into the MVS-TAP group (N = 122). The data collected included detailed demographic and perioperative data. Each patient in the MIMVS-TAP group was individually matched to a patient in the MVS-TAP group, using the propensity scores, and we obtained a matched sample of 51 patients in each group. Parametric and nonparametric tests were used to analyze outcomes.

Results: There were no differences in death rates or related major adverse events between the two groups after propensity score matched analysis. The total operation time was longer in the MIMVS + TAP group versus the MVS+TAP group, as were the mean duration of cardiopulmonary bypass time and the cross-clamp time. The mean duration of intensive care unit stay was longer in the MVS + TAP group compared with that of the MIMVS + TAP group, as was the duration of post-operative hospital stay.

Conclusions: Totally endoscopic mitral valve surgery with concomitant tricuspid annuloplasty can improve a patient’s prognosis, with comparable short-term outcomes to those of the open approaches.

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Published

2021-06-14

How to Cite

Huang, L.- chen, Chen, D.- zhong, Chen, L.- wan, & Dai, X.- fu. (2021). Concomitant Tricuspid Annuloplasty in Patients Undergoing Totally Endoscopic Mitral Valve Surgery: A Propensity-Score Matched Analysis. The Heart Surgery Forum, 24(3), E553-E559. https://doi.org/10.1532/hsf.3675

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