Comparison of the Effectiveness of Music Video Therapy and Music Therapy on Pain after Cardiothoracic Surgery in Preschool Children
Keywords:cardiothoracic disease, preschool children, pain
Objective: To explore the effects of music video therapy on pain among preschool children after cardiothoracic surgery.
Methods: Patients in the music video therapy (MVT) group received a 30-min music video intervention, while patients in the music therapy (MT) group received a 30-min musical intervention. Both groups were given their respective therapy three times a day for three days. Patients in the control group did not receive MVT or MV. Measures, including pain scores, vital signs (heart rate, mean arterial pressure, respiratory rate, and oxygen saturation), and other postoperative indicators were recorded and analyzed.
Results: The MVT group showed a statistically significant decrease in heart rate, mean arterial pressure, and respiratory rate at the first day after surgery and pain scores at the first and second day after surgery compared to the MT group, but no significant difference was identified in oxygen saturation. The postoperative indicators including cumulative capacity of sufentanil use, the length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay, and the length of hospital stay in the MVT group were significantly lower than those in the control group.
Conclusion: The findings provide further evidence to support the practice of music video therapy as a non-pharmaceutical intervention to reduce postoperative pain, reduce the dosage of analgesics, shorten the length of ICU and hospital stay in preschool children after the cardiothoracic surgery.
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