Analysis of Remifentanil-Based Fast-Track Anesthesia Combined with Dexmedetomidine for Transthoracic Device Closure of Atrial Septal Defect in Pediatric Patients
Keywords:fast-track cardiac anesthesia, atrial septal defect, cardiac intervention
Background: To investigate the safety and efficacy of remifentanil combined with dexmedetomidine in fast-track cardiac anesthesia (FTCA) for transthoracic device closure of atrial septal defect (ASD) in pediatric patients.
Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 61 cases of children undergoing ASD closure through a small thoracic incision from January 2018 to January 2020. According to whether FTCA was administered, they were divided into group F (fast-track anesthesia, n = 31) and group R (routine anesthesia, n = 30).
Results: There was no significant difference in general preoperative data, perioperative hemodynamics, or postoperative pain scores between the 2 groups (P > .05). The postoperative sedation score of group F was higher than that of group R 1 and 4 hours after extubation. Meanwhile, duration of mechanical ventilation and length of postoperative intensive care unit (ICU) stay of group F were significantly shorter than those of group R (P < .05). No serious anesthesia-related complications occurred.
Conclusion: Remifentanil combined with dexmedetomidine in FTCA for transthoracic device closure of ASD in pediatric patients is safe and effective, is worthy of clinical promotion, and can benefit more children.
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