The Efficacy of Non–Vitamin K Antagonist Oral Anticoagulants in the Prevention of Left Atrial Thrombus in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Compared With Vitamin K Antagonists: A Meta-Analysis
Keywords:Non–vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants, Atrial fibrillation, Vitamin K antagonists, Transesophageal echocardiography, Left atrial appendage thrombus
Background: There is still a paucity of data on the efficacy of non–vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) in the prevention of left atrial thrombus (LAT) formation before cardioversion or catheter ablation. To assess the efficacy of NOACs in the prevention of LAT in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) compared with vitamin K antagonists (VKAs), we conducted a meta-analysis.
Methods: We searched PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library databases. For meta-analysis, dichotomous variables were analyzed by using the odds ratios (OR) computed using the Mantel Haenszel method (random models). All results were reported with 95% confidence intervals (CI).
Results: A total of 13 studies (one randomized controlled investigation and 12 observational studies) were included in the meta-analysis. There was no statistically significant difference between the NOACs and VKAs groups with respect to the odds of LAT/LAAT formations (OR 0.79; 95% CI: 0.52-1.21; P = .29; (I2 = 14%).
Conclusions: NOACs were as effective as VKAs in the prevention of LAT/LAAT formation in patients with NVAF. Though patients on NOACs therapy showed a lower incidence of LAT/LAAT formation compared with VKAs, it was not significant (P = .29).
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