Predictors of Failure Cardioversion for Recurrent Atrial Fibrillation Following Mitral Valve Surgery With Ablation

Electrical Cardioversion and Recurrent Atrial Fibrillation

Authors

  • Hailong Cao, MD, PhD Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, the Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, China
  • Xin Chen, MD Department of Cardiology, the Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, China
  • Xiyu Zhu, MD Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, the Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, China
  • Yining Yang, MD Department of Cardiology, the Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, China
  • Qing Zhou, MD, PhD Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, the Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, China
  • Wei Xu, MD, PhD Department of Cardiology, the Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, China
  • Dongjin Wang, MD, PhD Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, the Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, China

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1532/hsf.2997

Keywords:

Electrical cardioversion, Atrial fibrillation, Recurrence, Predictors

Abstract

Background: Electrical cardioversion (ECV) often is required for terminating recurrent atrial fibrillation (AF) after surgical radiofrequency ablation in patients undergoing mitral valve surgery. However, ECV is unsuccessful in some cases. In this study, we aimed to identify possible predictors of failed ECV for recurrent atrial fibrillation following mitral valve surgery with concomitant radiofrequency ablation.

Methods: We enrolled 1,136 persistent AF patients with history of mitral valve surgery and concomitant radiofrequency ablation. Three-hundred-nineteen patients experienced recurrence of persistent AF and received ECV therapy. Comparison was made between patients with failed ECV (Failure group, N = 68) and successful ECV (Success group, N = 251).

Results: In multivariate regression analysis, age, pre-ECV loading-dose amiodarone, left atrial diameter, atrial flutter and time from surgery to ECV were independent predictors for outcomes of ECV. According to receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, the best threshold values of age, left atrial diameter and time from surgery to ECV for predicting failed ECV were 55.5 years, 64.5 mm, and 90.5 days, respectively.

Conclusion: Older age, larger left atrium and longer time from surgery to ECV are independent predictors for failed ECV in this group. Compared with AF, atrial flutter is easier to be successfully terminated by ECV. Pre-ECV loading-dose amiodarone is helpful for successful ECV. These findings have important implications for identifying the kinds of patients to receive effective ECV.

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Published

2020-05-13

How to Cite

Cao, H., Chen, X., Zhu, X., Yang, Y., Zhou, Q., Xu, W., & Wang, D. (2020). Predictors of Failure Cardioversion for Recurrent Atrial Fibrillation Following Mitral Valve Surgery With Ablation: Electrical Cardioversion and Recurrent Atrial Fibrillation. The Heart Surgery Forum, 23(3), E300-E304. https://doi.org/10.1532/hsf.2997

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