Uni-Port Total Thoracoscopic Surgery Versus Median Sternotomy for Redo Tricuspid Valve Replacement: A Retrospective Study
Keywords:tricuspid valve insufficiency; thoracoscopes; reoperation; sternotomy; retrospective studies
Background: This study compared the perioperative and follow-up period data of patients who underwent redo tricuspid valve replacements performed via thoracoscopic surgery or median sternotomy. The purpose was to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and surgical outcomes of redo tricuspid valve replacement via uni-port thoracoscopic surgery.
Methods: Forty-nine patients with severe tricuspid valve regurgitation after left-side valve replacement underwent redo tricuspid valve replacements in our hospital from April 2012 to September 2019. Twenty-six patients underwent uni-port total thoracoscopy surgery, whereas 23 patients had the surgery performed via median sternotomy. We collected perioperative and 3- to 36-month postoperative data.
Results: No deaths occurred in the intraoperative period. Time of cardiopulmonary bypass in the study group significantly was longer than that in the control group (P < .05), but the operative times in the study and control groups were not significantly different. Thoracic drainage, length of ICU stay, postoperative hospital stay, and complication rates in the study group were significantly different from those in the control group (P < .05). Throughout the follow-up period, uni-port total thoracoscopic TVR was not inferior to traditional surgery with respect to cardiac function and recurrence of tricuspid valve regurgitation.
Conclusions: Uni-port total thoracoscopic tricuspid valve replacement is safe, feasible and effective, and that can be considered as a primary treatment strategy for patients with severe TR after previous left-sided valve procedure.
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