Heart Surgery Access Bone: Spectrum of Pathology


  • Khaled Ebrahim Al-Ebrahim Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia




sternal cleft, polyostosis, titanium plates, lymphoma


A variety of pathologies may affect the most important bone to cardiac surgeons. In this paper, 3 interesting cases of different pathology and aetiology are presented and discussed.


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How to Cite

Al-Ebrahim, K. E. (2020). Heart Surgery Access Bone: Spectrum of Pathology. The Heart Surgery Forum, 23(2), E143-E146. https://doi.org/10.1532/hsf.2935