Simultaneous Pulmonary Embolism and Ischemic Stroke in a Patient with Cor Biloculare after Glenn Anastomosis
Background: Cor biloculare, two-chambered heart due to the absence of atrial and ventricular septa, is a rare congenital heart anomaly. For Cor biloculare and other cardiac defects with single ventricle physiology, Glenn anastomosis has been developed as a palliative procedure. Thrombosis secondary to Glenn anastomosis in the patient with Cor biloculare could pose a serious threat to the survival, and has never been reported before.
Case report: We report the case of a 27-year-old patient, with past history of Glenn anastomosis that was performed 7 years ago for the palliation of Cor biloculare. She presented with pulmonary embolism and ischemic stroke simultaneously at 7 days after Cesarean section. Due to her critical status, systemic anticoagulation with low-molecular-weight heparin was started immediately, followed by lifelong warfarin therapy. Pulmonary embolism regressed and neurological symptoms were considerably diminished after the anticoagulation treatment.
Conclusion: This case illuminates the potential risk of thrombotic events in this patient cohort and demonstrates that anticoagulation therapy is an effective, secure, and appropriate for the management of this disease.
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