The Improvement of Torsion Assessed by Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Feature Tracking after Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting: A Sensitive Index of Cardiac Function
Objective: The aim of this study was to quantify left ventricular torsion by newly applied cardiovascular magnetic resonance feature tracking (CMR-FT), and to evaluate the clinical value of the ventricular torsion as a sensitive indicator of cardiac function by comparison of preoperative and postoperative torsion.
Methods: A total of 54 volunteers and 36 patients with previous myocardial infarction (MI) and LV ejection fraction (EF) between 30%-50% were screened preoperatively or postoperatively by MRI. The patients’ short axis views of the whole heart were acquired, and all patients had a scar area >75% in at least one of the anterior or inferior segments. Their apical and basal rotation values were analyzed by feature tracking, and the correlation analysis was performed for the improvement of LV torsion and ejection fraction after CABG. The intra- and inter-observer reliabilities of torsion measured by CMR-FT were assessed.
Results: In normal hearts, the apex rotated counterclockwise in the systolic period with the peak rotation as 10.2 Â± 4.8Â°, and the base rotated clockwise as the peak value was 7.0 Â± 3.3Â°. There was a timing hiatus between the apex and base untwisting, during which period the heart recoils and its suction sets the stage for the following rapid filling period. The postoperative torsion and rotation significantly improved compared with preoperative ones. However, the traditional indicator of cardiac function, ejection fraction, didn’t show significant improvement.
Conclusion: Left ventricular torsion derived from CMR-FT, which does not require specialized CMR sequences, was sensitive to patients with low ejection fraction whose cardiac function significantly improved after CABG. The rapid acquisition of this measurement has potential for the assessment of cardiac function in clinical practice.Â
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