Oxygen Fraction Adjustment According to Body Surface Area during Extracorporeal Circulation

Authors

  • Cem Arıtürk Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Acibadem University, School of Medicine, Istanbul
  • Serpil Ustalar Özgen Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Acibadem University, School of Medicine, Istanbul
  • Murat Ökten Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Acibadem University, School of Medicine, Istanbul
  • Behiç Danışan Acıbadem Healthcare Group, Kadikoy Hospital, Cardiovascular Surgery Clinic, Istanbul
  • Hasan Karabulut Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Acibadem University, School of Medicine, Istanbul
  • Fevzi Toraman Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Acibadem University, School of Medicine, Istanbul

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1532/hsf.1325

Abstract

Background: The inspiratory oxygen fraction (FiO2) is usually set between 60% and 100% during conventional extracorporeal circulation (ECC). However, this strategy causes partial oxygen pressure (PaO2) to reach hyperoxemic levels (>180 mmHg). During anesthetic management of cardiothoracic surgery it is important to keep PaO2 levels between 80-180 mmHg. The aim of this study was to assess whether adjusting FiO2 levels in accordance with body temperature and body surface area (BSA) during ECC is an effective method for maintaining normoxemic PaO2 during cardiac surgery.

Methods: After approval from the Ethics Committee of the University of Acıbadem, informed consent was given from 60 patients. FiO2 adjustment strategies applied to the patients in the groups were as follows: FiO2 levels were set as 0.21 × BSA during hypothermia and 0.21 × BSA + 10 during rewarming in Group I; 0.18 × BSA during hypothermia and 0.18 × BSA + 15 during rewarming in Group II; and 0.18 × BSA during hypothermia and variable with body temperature during rewarming in Group III. Arterial blood gas values and hemodynamic parameters were recorded before ECC (T1); at the 10th minute of cross clamp (T2); when the esophageal temperature (OT) reached 34°C (T3); when OT reached 36°C (T4); and just before the cessation of ECC (T5).

Results: Mean PaO2 was significantly higher in Group I than in Group II at T2 and T3 (P = .0001 and P = .0001, respectively); in Group I than in Group III at T1 (P = .02); and in Group II than in Group III at T2, T3, and T4
(P = .0001 for all). 

Conclusion: Adjustment of FiO2 according to BSA rather than keeping it at a constant level is more appropriate for keeping PaO2 between safe level limits. However, since oxygen consumption of cells vary with body temperature, it would be appropriate to set FiO2 levels in concordance with the body temperature in the
rewarming period.

Published

2015-06-26

How to Cite

Arıtürk, C., Özgen, S. U., Ökten, M., Danışan, B., Karabulut, H., & Toraman, F. (2015). Oxygen Fraction Adjustment According to Body Surface Area during Extracorporeal Circulation. The Heart Surgery Forum, 18(3), E098-E102. https://doi.org/10.1532/hsf.1325

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