The Role of Arterial Grafts in Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting: An Update
AbstractBased on the legacy of the success of the internal thoracic artery as a bypass conduit for myocardial revascularization, the effort to achieve total arterial revascularization continued to evolve in the last 2 decades. Arterial conduits were used as alternatives to saphenous vein for coronary artery bypass grafting. In this review we attempted to assess the success and failure of these conduits and the current trend in myocardial revascularization.
Acar C, Farge A, Chardigny C, et al. 1993. Use of the radial artery for coronary artery bypass. A new experience after 20 years [in French]. Arch Mal Coeur Vaiss 86:1683-9.nAthanasiou T, Crossman MC, Asimakopoulos G, et al. 2004. Should the internal thoracic artery be skeletonized? Ann Thorac Surg 77;6:2238-46.nBuche M, Schroeder E, Gurne O, et al. 1995. Coronary artery bypass grafting with the inferior epigastric artery. Midterm clinical and angiographic results. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 109:553-9.nTatoulis J, Buxton BF, Fuller JA. 2004. Patencies of 2127 arterial to coronary conduits over 15 years. Ann Thorac Surg 77:93-101.nvan Son JA, Smedts F, Vincent JG, van Lier HJ, Kubat K. 1990. Comparative anatomic studies of various arterial conduits for myocardial revascularization. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 99:703-7.nBuxton BF, Komeda M, Fuller JA, Gordon I. 1998. Bilateral internal thoracic artery grafting may improve outcome of coronary artery surgery. Risk-adjusted survival. Circulation 98(19 suppl):II1-II6.nDonatelli F, Triggiani M, Benussi S, D'Ancona G. 1998. Inferior epigastric artery as a conduit for myocardial revascularization: a two-year clinial and angiographic follow-up. Cardiovasc Surg 6:520-4.nDrexler H. 1999. Nitric oxide and coronary endothelial dysfunction in humans. Cardiovasc Res 43:572-9.nHe GW, Yang CQ, Starr A. 1995. Overview of the nature of vasoconstriction in arterial grafts for coronary operations. Ann Thorac Surg 59:676-83.nHigami T, Yamashita T, Nohara H, Iwahashi K, Shida T, Ogawa K. 2001. Early results of coronary grafting using ultrasonically skeletonized internal thoracic arteries. Ann Thorac Surg 71:1224-8.nKamiya H, Watanabe G, Takemura H, Tomita S, Nagamine H, Kanamori T. 2004. Total arterial revascularization with composite skeletonized gastroepiploic artery graft in off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 127:1151-7.nLoop FD, Lytle BW, Cosgrove DM, et al. 1986. Influence of the internal-mammary-artery graft on 10-year survival and other cardiac events. N Engl J Med 314;1:1-6.nLuscher TF, Diederich D, Siebenmann R, et al. 1988. Difference between endothelium-dependent relaxation in arterial and in venous coronary bypass grafts. N Engl J Med 319:462-7.nPossati G, Gaudino M, Alessandrini F, et al. 1998. Midterm clinical and angiographic results of radial artery grafts used for myocardial revascularization. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 6:1015-21.nPuig LB, Ciongolli W, Cividanes GV, et al. 1990. Inferior epigastric artery as a free graft for myocardial revascularization. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 99(2):251-5.nRyu H, Bahk J, Kim K. 2004. Is the flow of in situ right gastroepiploic artery graft adversely influenced by sympathetic activation after CABG? The 10th Annual CTT Meeting. p 112-112.nSauvage LR, Rosenfeld JG, Roby PV, Gartman DM, Hammond WP, Fisher LD. 2003. Internal thoracic artery grafts for the entire heart at a mean of 12 years. Ann Thorac Surg 75:501-4.nSuma H, Fukumoto H, Takeuchi A. 1987. Coronary artery bypass grafting by utilizing in situ right gastroepiploic artery: basic study and clinical application. Ann Thorac Surg 44(4):394-7.nTaggart DP, D'Amico R, Altman DG. 2001. Effect of arterial revascularisation on survival: a systematic review of studies comparing bilateral and single internal mammary arteries. Lancet 358:870-5.n
How to Cite
Author Disclosure & Copyright Transfer Agreement
In order to publish the original work of another person(s), The Heart Surgery Forum® must receive an acknowledgment of the Author Agreement and Copyright Transfer Statement transferring to Forum Multimedia Publishing, L.L.C., a subsidiary of Carden Jennings Publishing Co., Ltd. the exclusive rights to print and distribute the author(s) work in all media forms. Failure to check Copyright Transfer agreement box below will delay publication of the manuscript.
A current form follows:
The author(s) hereby transfer(s), assign(s), or otherwise convey(s) all copyright ownership of the manuscript submitted to Forum Multimedia Publishing, LLC (Publisher). The copyright transfer covers the exclusive rights to reproduce and distribute the article and the material contained therein throughout the world in all languages and in all media of expression now known or later developed, including but not limited to reprints, photographic reproduction, microfilm, electronic data processing (including programming, storage, and transmission to other electronic data record(s), or any other reproductions of similar nature), and translations.
However, Publisher grants back to the author(s) the following:
- The right to make and distribute copies of all or part of this work for use of the author(s) in teaching;
- The right to use, after publication in The Heart Surgery Forum, all or part of the material from this work in a book by the author(s), or in a collection of work by the author(s);
- The royalty-free right to make copies of this work for internal distribution within the institution/company that employs the author(s) subject to the provisions below for a work-made-for-hire;
- The right to use figures and tables from this work, and up to 250 words of text, for any purpose;
- The right to make oral presentations of material from this work.
Publisher reserves the right to grant or refuse permission to third parties to republish all or part of the article or translations thereof. To republish, such third parties must obtain written permission from the Publisher. (This is in accordance with the Copyright Statute, United States Code, Title 17. Exception: If all authors were bona fide officers or employees of the U.S. Government at the time the paper was prepared, the work is a “work of the US Government” (prepared by an officer or employee of the US Government as part of official duties), and therefore is not subject to US copyright; such exception should be indicated on signature lines. If this work was prepared under US Government contract or grant, the US Government may reproduce, royalty-free, all or portions of this work and may authorize others to do so, for official US Government purposes only, if the US Government contract or grant so requires.
I have participated in the conception and design of this work and in the writing of the manuscript and take public responsibility for it. Neither this manuscript nor one with substantially similar content under my authorship has been published, has been submitted for publication elsewhere, or will be submitted for publication elsewhere while under consideration by The Heart Surgery Forum, except as described in an attachment. I have reviewed this manuscript (original version) and approve its submission. If I am listed above as corresponding author, I will provide all authors with information regarding this manuscript and will obtain their approval before submitting any revision. I attest to the validity, accuracy, and legitimacy of the content of the manuscript and understand that Publisher assumes no responsibility for the validity, accuracy, and legitimacy of its content. I warrant that this manuscript is original with me and that I have full power to make this Agreement. I warrant that it contains no matter that is libelous or otherwise unlawful or that invades individual privacy or infringes any copyright or other proprietary right. I agree to indemnify and hold Publisher harmless of and from any claim made against Publisher that relates to or arises out of the publication of the manuscript and agree that this indemnification shall include payment of all costs and expenses relating to the defense of any such claim, including all reasonable attorney’s fees.
I warrant that I have no financial interest in the drugs, devices, or procedures described in the manuscript (except as disclosed in the attached statement).
I state that the institutional Human Subjects Committee and/or the Ethics Committee approved the clinical protocol reported in this manuscript for the use of experimental techniques, drugs, or devices in human subjects and appropriate informed consent documents were utilized.
Furthermore, I state that any and all animals used for experimental purposes received humane care in USDA registered facilities in compliance with the “Principles of Laboratory Animal Care” formulated by the National Society for Medical Research and the “Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals” prepared by the Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources and published by the National Institutes of Health (NIH Publication No. 85-23, revised 1985).