Application of Lower Sternal Incision with On-Pump, Beating Heart Intracardiac Procedures in Congenital Heart Disease
Background: The purpose of this study was to explore the application of lower sternal incision with on-pump, beating heart intracardiac procedures for the treatment of congenital heart disease.
Methods: A total of 106 cases with congenital heart disease were performed with lower sternal incision under the beating heart condition. The sternum was sawed open to the third sternocostal joint through a small incision in the lower sternum. Cardiopulmonary bypass was developed without aortic cross-clamping. The simultaneous left atrium and ventricle suction and integrating sequential deairing procedure was established to improve the exposure of the surgical field and intraoperative de-airing. We also randomly selected 100 patients with similar disease and age as controls. These control patients underwent middle sternal incision surgery with arresting heart.
Results: The results showed that all the patients were successfully completed with the surgery without death and serious complications, eg, air embolism, residual shunt, and complete atrioventricular block. The operative and cardiopulmonary bypass time in the experimental group was not significantly different from that in the control group. The length of the skin incision in the experimental group was shortened by 4.8 cm compared to that in the control group. The incidence of sternal deformity in patients under 3 years old in the experimental group was significantly lower than that in the control group.
Conclusions: Lower sternal incision with beating heart can reduce the surgical injury, simplify the operation procedure, and improve the therapeutic efficacy. It is a safe and effective approach for the treatment of congenital heart disease.
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