Sternal Wound Complications in Bilateral Internal Thoracic Artery Grafting: A Comparison of the Off-Pump Technique and Conventional Cardiopulmonary Bypass

Authors

  • Naz Bige Aydin
  • Tufan Sener
  • Ilknur Kiygil Kehlibar
  • Tansel Turkoglu
  • Osman Eren Karpuzoglu
  • Vedat Ozkul
  • Hakan Gercekoglu

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1532/HSF98.20051150

Abstract

Background. Sternal wound complication is a major concern in bilateral internal thoracic artery grafting. The purpose of this study was to assess whether avoiding cardiopulmonary bypass has beneficial effects with fewer wound complications in patients receiving bilateral internal thoracic artery grafting.

Methods. Retrospective review was performed using prospectively gathered data of 69 patients who had undergone elective coronary artery bypass grafting and received conventional pedicled bilateral internal thoracic artery grafting from December 2002 through April 2004 by the same surgical team. The patients were divided into 2 groups: those who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting without cardiopulmonary bypass (off-pump group, n = 41), and those who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB group, n = 28). Chart review and 3-month follow-up were obtained for all patients. These 2 groups were compared for sternal wound complications and preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative variables.

Results. Deep sternal wound infection (SWI) was seen in 1 patient (2.4%), superficial SWI in 2 patients (4.8%), and sternal dehiscence in 1 patient (2.4%) in the off-pump group. Deep SWI was seen in no patients, superficial SWI in 2 patients (7.1%) and sternal dehiscence in 2 patients (7.1%) in the CPB group. No statistically significant difference in the frequency of occurrence of sternal complications was detected between the 2 study groups.

Conclusions. The results suggest that the avoidance of CPB has no beneficial effect on the number of sternal wound complications in patients receiving bilateral internal thoracic artery grafting. However, further prospective, randomized studies on large patient groups are required to assess this finding.

References

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Published

2005-11-11

How to Cite

Aydin, N. B., Sener, T., Kehlibar, I. K., Turkoglu, T., Karpuzoglu, O. E., Ozkul, V., & Gercekoglu, H. (2005). Sternal Wound Complications in Bilateral Internal Thoracic Artery Grafting: A Comparison of the Off-Pump Technique and Conventional Cardiopulmonary Bypass. The Heart Surgery Forum, 8(6), E456-E461. https://doi.org/10.1532/HSF98.20051150

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