Health-Related Quality of Life of Coronary Artery Disease Patients under Secondary Prevention: A Cross-Sectional Survey from South India
HRQOL in CAD Patients Under Secondary Prevention
Keywords:Quality of life, secondary prevention, coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction, percutaneous coronary intervention, coronary artery bypass grafting
Background: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is emerging as an important outcome among patients with documented coronary artery disease (CAD). The primary objective of this study was to report the HRQOL of CAD patients under secondary prevention-related treatment and follow-up using the 36-Item Short Form (SF-36) tool.
Methods: This was an analytical cross-sectional survey done in a hospital/clinic setting. We recruited CAD patients 30 to 80 years old with 1 to 6 years of follow-up. Patients self-reported HRQOL using SF-36.
Results: We recruited 1206 patients, among whom 879 (72.9%) were male. The mean age of patients was 61.3 (9.6) years. Mean (± standard deviation) scores for physical functioning, role limitations due to physical health, pain, and general health were 66.48 ± 29.41, 78.96 ± 28.01, 80.96 ± 21.15, and 51.49 ± 20.19, respectively. The scores for role limitations due to emotional problems, energy/fatigue, emotional well-being, and social functioning were 76.62 ± 28.0, 66.18 ± 23.92, 76.91 ± 20.47, and 74.49 ± 23.55. In subgroup analysis, age, sex, type of CAD, and treatment showed no significant association with any of the 8 domains of QOL. In addition, hypertension and diabetes showed no significant association with the individual domains of HRQOL.
Conclusion: Patients with coronary artery disease under secondary prevention-related treatment have suboptimal HRQOL under both physical and mental domains. The role of demographic factors, comorbidities, disease subtypes, and treatment options in modifying HRQOL among patients with CAD appears to be minimal.
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