Supra-Annular Mitral Valve Replacement in Infants with Congenital Mitral Valve Disease

  • Haoyong Yuan Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China
  • Zhongshi Wu Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China
  • Yifeng Yang Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China
  • Can Huang Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China
Keywords: Mitral valve replacement; Congenital heart disease; Paediatric; Infants; Supra-annular

Abstract

Mitral valve replacement in infants is rare and causes a relatively high mortality, especially for patients under the age of 1. Supra-annular valve replacement is a viable technique for infants with a small valve annulus. Here, we report two infants who underwent mitral valve replacement via the supra-annular technique. The age and body weight of these babies were 2 months and 3 months and 4.1 kg and 4.7 kg, respectively. Aortic mechanical valves were reversely implanted with a short segment of PTFE graft. The purpose of this strategy was to insert a larger mechanical valve and delay resternotomy. A two-year follow-up exam showed normal ventricular function without mechanical valve-related complications. This method is useful in treating neonates and infants.

Although the technique of mitral valve repair has improved over several decades, mitral valve replacement still is necessary at times. In neonates and infants with a small annulus, implantation of commercially available prosthetic valves in the annular position can be a challenge, and an age less than 1 year is a risk factor for early death [Selamet 2008]. Supra-annular mitral valve replacement (SMVR) is an alternative when a traditional annular implantation is not feasible [Sung 2008]. Herein, we report the cases of two patients, who underwent SMVR with a follow-up after two years.

References

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Published
2019-08-26
How to Cite
Yuan, H., Wu, Z., Yang, Y., & Huang, C. (2019). Supra-Annular Mitral Valve Replacement in Infants with Congenital Mitral Valve Disease. The Heart Surgery Forum, 22(5), E315-E316. https://doi.org/10.1532/hsf.2593
Section
Articles