Clinical Outcomes of Mitral Annuloplasty with Flexible Bands in Ischemic Mitral Regurgitation
Background: In this study, we present the outcomes of 53 patients with concomitant coronary artery disease and ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR)who underwent coronary bypass grafting (CABG) plus mitral repair (flexible posterior band annuloplasty).
Materials and Methods: A total of 53 patients with concomitant ischemic mitral regurgitation and coronary artery disease underwent CABG plus posterior mitral band annuloplasty between June 2008 and June 2015. Flexible Duran AnCore® annuloplasty band (Medtronic) was used in all patients. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) was intraoperatively performed in all patients. A transthoracic (TTE) follow-up examination was performed at postoperative months 1, 3, 6, and 12.
Results: The average cross-clamp and cardiopulmonary bypass times were 85.11 ± 5.79 and 105.98 ± 6.14 minutes, respectively. Postoperatively, there was an improvement in the grade of mitral regurgitation from 3.8 to 0.7 and in the NYHA class from 3.1 ± 0.5 to 0.5 ± 0.6 (both P < .001). In addition, statistically significant reductions in LVEDD, LVESD, and PAP were observed (P < .001). Ejection fraction rose from 39 ± 10% to 45 ± 8% (P < .01). Early mortality rate was 7.5% (n = 4). Mean follow-up was at 16 months. Late mortality occurred in one patient. During the follow-up period, reoperation was required in 2 patients. Only 2 parameters, redo surgery (P = .030) and IABP use (P = .021), were found related to mortality
(P < .001). Cox regression analysis showed that redo surgery and postoperative bleeding increased mortality by 14.731 times (odds ratio: 14.731; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.530-141.852) and 23.839 times (odds ratio: 23.839; 95% CI: 1.478-348.641).
Discussion: In patients with IMR, mitral band annuloplasty performed in conjunction with CABG was associated with an increase in functional capacity and ejection fraction as well as a reduction in LVEDD and LVESD. This approach represents a feasible alternative with low mortality and prevents future development of mitral regurgitation and the need for redo surgery.
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